NKP ALYASKINSKY MALAMUT
FCI-Standard N ° 243
(official text from the website of the Russian Cynological Federation)
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 08/14/1996
USE: Riding like.
Group 5. Spitz and primitive breeds.
Section 1. Northern sled dogs.
No working tests.
GENERAL FORM: One of the oldest Arctic sled dogs, the Alaskan Malamute is a very powerful, robustly built dog with a deep chest and a strong, muscular body. The Malamute stands firmly on its feet and gives the impression of a very active dog with its head held high, its eyes show a keen interest and curiosity. The head is wide. The triangular ears are erect when the dog is alert. The muzzle is voluminous, only slightly tapering from its base to the nose, not pointed, not long, not short. The coat is thick, with a coarse guard hair of sufficient length to protect the fluffy undercoat. Malamutes come in a variety of colors. A distinctive feature is specific markings on the head: a cap on the top of the head, the muzzle is either all white, or with a stripe and / or mask. The tail is well furred, raised above the back and gives the impression of a waving plume. The Alaskan Malamute must have a strong bone, strong limbs, strong legs, deep chest, powerful shoulders and all other physical characteristics necessary for effective work. Movements should be balanced, balanced, tireless and absolutely productive. Malamutes are not designed to compete in speed sled dog competitions. These dogs are designed to display strength and endurance, therefore any characteristics of the dog, including temperament, that interfere with the intended purpose of the dog should be considered as the most serious faults.
· The depth of the chest is approximately equal to half the height of the dog at the withers, the lowest point of the sternum is behind the forelegs.
The length of the body, measured from the humeral-scapular joints to the ischial tubercles, is greater than the height of the dog at the withers.
BEHAVIOR AND TEMPERAMENT: Alaskan Malamute - affectionate, friendly dog, dog not "one master". He is good-natured and playful when invited to play, but as he matures, makes an impression with his dignity.
HEAD: The head is broad and deep, neither coarse nor heavy, in proportion to the size of the dog. The expression is gentle and speaks of a good disposition.
Skull: Broad and moderately rounded between the ears, gradually tapering and flattening towards the eyes, merging roundly into the cheekbones. There is a slightly pronounced groove between the eyes. The upper lines of the skull and muzzle diverge slightly (the upper line of the muzzle is slightly lowered).
Transition from forehead to muzzle: Not abrupt.
Nose: In all colors except red, nose, lips and eye lines should be black. Brown lobe is allowed in red dogs. A lightened, "winter" nose is acceptable.
Muzzle: Large and voluminous in relation to the skull, slightly reduced in width and depth from the stop towards the nose.
Lips: Tight fitting.
Jaws / Teeth: Jaws broad with large teeth. The incisors are closed in a scissor bite. Overshot and undershot is a defect.
Cheekbones: Moderately flat.
Eyes: Slanting. Brown, almond-shaped, medium in size. Blue eyes are a disqualifying blemish.
Ears: Medium in size, small in relation to the size of the head, triangular in shape and slightly rounded at the tips. They are set wide apart on the outer edges of the back of the skull, level with the upper corners of the eyes, and when alert, the tips of the ears are directed to the sides. Erect ears are pointed slightly forward, but when the dog is working, the ears are often laid back. Ears set high is a fault.
NECK: Strong and moderately arched.
FRAME: Compact but not short. The body is not too massive, the backbone is proportional to the size.
Back: Straight and slightly sloping towards the croup.
Loins: Strong, well muscled. A long loin that can weaken the strong topline is a defect.
Chest: Well developed.
TAIL: Medium set; continues the top line at the base. Raised over the back when the dog is not working. The tail does not touch the tip of the back and does not curl over the back, nor is it furred like a fox's tail. The tail of the Malamute is well covered and develops like a plume.
FOREQUARTERS: Seen from the front, the forelegs are heavily boned and strongly muscled, straight to the pasterns.
Shoulders: Moderately sloping.
Pastern: Short and strong, slightly sloping when viewed from the side.
HINDQUARTERS: Hindquarters massive. When viewed from behind - the hind limbs in static and movement are in line with the forelimbs, not too narrow and not too wide. Dewclaws on hind feet are undesirable and should be removed from puppies shortly after birth.
Upper thigh: Very muscular.
Knees: Moderately angulated.
Hock joint: Moderately defined, low above the ground.
FEET: Snowshoe-like, tight and deep, with well-developed pads, giving an impression of firmness and compactness. The paws are large, the toes are tightly closed and well arched. A protective coat grows between the toes. The pillows are thick and strong, the nails are short and strong.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: The movement of the Malamute should be smooth, balanced, and productive. He is agile for his size and build. Viewed from the side, the hindquarters show a good drive that is transmitted through the muscular loins to the forelimbs. The forelegs convert the energy of the hind legs into a smooth and wide stride. Seen from the front or rear, the legs move along a line, neither too narrow nor too wide. At an accelerated trot, the feet are placed close to the center line. Stilts or any other movement that interferes with productivity and economy should be penalized.
COAT: Malamute has thick, coarse topcoat, never long or soft. The undercoat is dense, one to two inches long, thick and soft. The top coat varies in length, as does the undercoat. The length of the coat varies from short to medium along the sides along the body; in the region of the shoulders and neck, down the back, on the croup, on the hips and tail, its length increases. Generally, during the summer months, Malamutes have shorter and less dense coats. Malamutes are shown naturally. Trimming is not allowed, except for the paws to keep them tidy.
COLOR: Typically colors range from light gray through intermediate shades to black, sable, sable, to red. Color combinations are acceptable in the undercoat, markings and trousers. The only allowed solid color is white. White always dominates below the body, partly on the legs, feet, and on the muzzle. A white blaze on the forehead and / or a collar or spot on the back of the neck is acceptable and very attractive. The Malamute has a raincoat color, and spots that break the color along the body or an uneven arrangement of spots are undesirable.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT: There are natural variations in size within the breed. Desirable dimensions for work:
Males: 63.5 cm at the withers and 38 kg (25 in 85 ft)
Bitches: 58.5 cm at the withers and 34 kg (23 inches, 75 feet)
IMPORTANT SUMMARY: When evaluating the Alaskan Malamute, the first consideration should be taken as an Arctic sled dog for carrying heavy loads. The degree to which deficiencies are assessed depends on how much the dog differs from the description of the ideal malamute, and how much these deviations will affect the performance of the dog. The limbs of the Malamute must have extraordinary strength and incredible pulling ability. Any sign of unhealthy legs and feet, front or back, standing or moving, should be considered a serious handicap. From this point of view, deficiencies will include striking, cow-hooded hindquarters, weak pasterns, straight shoulders, poor angles, stilt movements (or any other type of movement that is not productive and unstable), slenderness, heaviness, light bones, and poor proportions. generally.
DISADVANTAGES / DEFECTS: Any deviation from the above should be considered a defect / defect, and the seriousness with which the defect / defect is to be assessed should be proportionate to its severity and its effect on the dog's health and welfare.
Aggressiveness or cowardice.
Any dog with obvious physical or mental disabilities should be disqualified.
Note: Male animals should have two normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.